samoyed biscuit color

Samoyed Colors: Are all Samoyeds White?

This breed is known as the “Smiling Sammy”, because of its upturned cornered mouth. They are also affectionately called, Sammies. Samoyeds are known for their plush and bright white coat. The fun-loving Samoyeds originate from Northern Siberia. The Samoyede people of Northern Siberia used them to pull the sled, hunt and herd reindeers. They are one of those 14 ancient dog breeds that look similar to wolves. The Samoyeds are very fond of human beings. Their fondness traces its roots to their close association with the Samoyede people who treated these dogs with a lot of kindness, care and affection. Samoyeds are the happiest when they are around people. They become miserable when they are left alone for a long time and may experience separation anxiety.

Are all Samoyeds white?

Samoyeds are one of those breeds that resemble wolves. These dogs are known for their shimmering white fur with a hint of silver. The American Kennel Club recognizes three more colors of this dog breed besides pure white. This includes biscuit, cream and white & biscuit. 

Different kennel clubs accept different colors of this breed. The following is a list of all the acceptable colors.

  •           American Kennel Club:Pure white, cream, biscuit and white and biscuit.
  •           United Kennel Club:All biscuit, white and cream.
  •           Federation Cynologique Internationale:Pure white, cream and white and biscuit.
  •           Canadian Kennel Club:White, white cream, cream, biscuit, all biscuit and white and biscuit.

Samoyeds may change or add a new shadow to their coat at any point in their life, at least some biscuit as they grow. 

White Samoyed

A white Samoyed is the most common breed. This color was bred specifically, so they could blend with the snow environment while assisting with herding and pulling.

Cream Samoyed

The cream Samoyeds have a coat with a slightly beige or light yellowish tan color. This color is consistent throughout their entire coat. They are often mistaken for the pure white Samoyed because they only have a little more color in their coat as compared to the purely white Samoyeds.

Biscuit Samoyed

The biscuit color coat is specifically used to identify Samoyeds. Biscuit Samoyeds combine yellow, brown and white with medium saturation. Some breeders claim that this biscuit color is due to recessive genes. Some dogs have the same color only around their ears and are still identified as a Biscuit Samoyed. Many pure white Samoyeds develop biscuit patches or turn fully biscuit as they age. Similarly, biscuit Samoyeds may turn lighter or white as they grow older. 

The biscuit Samoyeds are the rarest of all the varieties of this breed. Some owners who own the biscuit Samoyed have noticed that in a matter of months their coat lightens and eventually turns white. Given that the biscuit Samoyed is the rarest one, they are equally expensive as compared to the other varieties of this breed. Some people say that the biscuit color should be treasured as they are very rare. 

White and Biscuit Samoyed

A white and biscuit Samoyed has a white coat and spots or patches of yellowish-brown, medium saturated color. Just like the biscuit Samoyed, it is difficult to find this variety of the breed. Their biscuit spots might become lighter over time and turn them into a common white Samoyed.

History of the Biscuit Samoyed and Biscuit & White Samoyed

In the 1900s the Samoyeds were a breed with different color types. The colors ranged from cream, beige to the color of a saturated biscuit. Shades of biscuit and cream were predominant. There were a few Samoyeds of pure white color. It was an exceptional and rare glistening color as compared to the usual cream, beige Samoyed. People started preferring the pure white Samoyeds as this color resembled the snow. As a result, breeding the pure white Samoyed became a regular practice. Over the years, the cream-colored Samoyeds have become less popular. The dark beige or the biscuit Samoyeds started disappearing. Nowadays, most of the Samoyeds with biscuit color are restricted only to the ears or the head.

Do Samoyeds change their color as they grow older?

Pet owners of Samoyeds have always noticed the unpredictability in their color. Samoyeds go through a lot of body changes as they grow older. One of the few changes that occur is the lightening of their coat or developing biscuit spots. This happens due to certain pigments in their coat. There are high chances that a biscuit Samoyed will turn into a white and biscuit or pure white Samoyed. 

How to maintain the coat color of your Samoyed?

The Samoyeds are gifted with a thick coat. Maintaining such a magnificently lush coat comes at a cost. It is highly time-consuming. Pet owners can’t prevent their dogs from changing color, but they can surely try a few hacks to maintain it for a while. 

Following are some of the ways to maintain the color of your dog:
  1. Avoiding your dog from getting too much sun exposure. Samoyeds are required to be in shade as well.
  2. Use a gentle shampoo. The shampoo should not be harsh on your dog’s coat.
  3. An excellent diet is essential to growing a healthy coat. The diet can include flax seeds which are a great source of omega-3 fatty acids for your Samoyeds.


Nowadays it is very difficult to find a Samoyed who is heavily biscuit or biscuit and white. The biscuit Samoyed is very beautiful but at the same time is very rare. They should be treasured. Biscuit Samoyeds have nearly gone extinct. It is important to preserve this breed as described by AKC standards.

Samoyeds are exceptionally active, social, fun-loving and loyal animals. They are friendly and enjoy a close association with the people they live with. They also require special attention and a lot of care.

Related Questions:

Are there black Samoyeds?

Many people wonder if black Samoyeds exist. The answer is no. There are no black Samoyeds. Samoyeds are genetically supposed to be light-colored. If you ever saw a black Samoyed, then the dog might be of a different breed. Although an interesting fact states that earlier Samoyeds used to come in all kinds of colors, including black. In the 20th century, Britain wrote its first breed standard for Samoyeds. It was decided that only white, cream and biscuit colors were considered as the colors of the Samoyed. Even now the American Kennel Club (AKC) does not consider black to be the color of Samoyeds.

Is an inconsistent coat color normal in Samoyeds?

Yes, it is absolutely normal for Samoyeds to have an inconsistent coat color. Samoyeds do go through color changes due to change in the texture of their coat. Samoyeds can be white, cream or biscuit. Sometimes, the biscuit color can be a patch or a stripe. This biscuit color is a recessive gene in the dog. Carrying these genes makes the texture of the coat harsh. The changing texture helps them survive better in snow. Sometimes Samoyed puppies have a biscuit coat and end up being fully white Samoyed or the other way round. It is very natural for Samoyeds to change coat color.

Do Samoyeds shed a lot?

Yes, Samoyeds shed a lot. In fact, they shed a lot more than other dog breeds with thick coats. The most significant reason behind their shedding is the place of their origin. Samoyeds originated from Northern Siberia which has a freezing climate. The Samoyeds have a warm, dense and extremely thick coat. They had to shed their coat and grow new fur in order to survive in the cold. Samoyeds tend to shed in the months of September-October and mid-spring months. Pet owners should groom their dogs regularly to prevent the coat-blowing tendency. Some weavers collect this fur to weave winter clothes, blankets and other warm items. It’s called “Samoyed Wool”.

What kind of a coat does a Samoyed have?

The Samoyeds have a luscious white, cream, biscuit and biscuit and white coat. Their coats have two layers. The first one is a dense, wool undercoat. Their undercoat is often referred to as “wool” due to its thickness. This wool is used a lot by weavers. The wool is spun, knitted or woven into winter clothing. The second or outer coat is a silver-tipped layer with long hair. Due to their thick double coat, Samoyeds are known to shed a lot. Their shining white coat is beautiful but pet owners need to maintain it regularly to keep it in a good condition.